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Dear Reader,


 
The lemonCitrus limon, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to South Asia, primarily North eastern India.
L

emonA fruiting lemon tree. A blossom is also visible.Scientific classificationKingdom:PlantaeClade:TracheophytesClade:AngiospermsClade:EudicotsClade:RosidsOrder:SapindalesFamily:RutaceaeGenus:CitrusSpecies:

C. limon

Binomial nameCitrus limon

(L.) Osbeck

Synonyms[1]

List

Citrus × aurantium subsp. bergamia (Risso & Poit.) Engl.

Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia (Risso) Wight & Arn.

Citrus aurantium var. bergamia (Risso) Brandis

Citrus × aurantium var. mellarosa (Risso) Engl.

Citrus × bergamia Risso & Poit.

Citrus × bergamia subsp. mellarosa (Risso) D.Rivera & al.

Citrus × bergamota Raf.

Citrus × limodulcis D.Rivera, Obón & F.Méndez

Citrus × limonelloides Hayata

Citrus × limonia Osbeck

Citrus × limonia var. digitata Risso

Citrus × limonum Risso

Citrus medica var. limon L.

Citrus medica f. limon (L.) M.Hiroe

Citrus medica f. limon (L.) Hiroë

Citrus medica subsp. limonia (Risso) Hook. f.

Citrus × medica var. limonum (Risso) Brandis

Citrus × medica subsp. limonum (Risso) Engl.

Citrus medica var. limonum (Risso) Brandis

Citrus × mellarosa Risso

Citrus × meyeri Yu.Tanaka

Citrus × vulgaris Ferrarius ex Mill.

Limon× vulgaris Ferrarius ex Miller

The tree's ellipsoidal yellow fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world, primarily for its juice, which has both culinary and cleaning uses.[2] The pulp and rind are also used in cooking and baking. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, with a pH of around 2.2, giving it a sour taste. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade and lemon meringue pie.

History

See also: Citron § Origin and distribution

Lemon external surface and cross-section

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